Lee Seungho

이승호

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About

I am a designer and strategic design researcher residing in Helsinki. Currently I am studying how written design briefs work in design processes across different design fields as a doctoral researcher at Aalto University, where I also lead a course called Design for Government under the interdisciplinary master’s programme, Creative Sustainability.

현재 핀란드 헬싱키 알토대학교 (구 헬싱키 미술대학)에서 디자인 브리프를 연구하고 있으며 동 대학 다학제 석사과정인 Creative Sustainability 에서 Design for Government 수업을 맡아 가르치고 있습니다.

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주디 알리시아 스티브 데이빗

다음카카오 홈페이지 일부 캡쳐, 2014년 10월 1일 오후 4시 16분 (핀란드)

다음카카오가 수평적인 조직문화를 위해 영어 (유럽권) 이름을 사용하기로 결정했다는 소식을 들은지 얼마되지 않아 그들의 새 웹사이트에서 Judie, Alicia, Steve, David 등의 이름을 접할 수 있게 되었다. 회사의 방침이 알파벳 이름을 가지는 것이라 원치 않게 저런 이름을 선택한 직원은 없을까? 왠지 모르게 일종의 사대주의가 아닐까 하는 생각이 들며 최근 JTBC의 비정상회담이 대부분 유럽문화권의 백인으로 채워져 있다는 비판과 그림이 겹친다.

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A talk at Sint-Lucas in Ghent, 28 October 2013

Conference poster I was invited to give a talk at the Sint-Lucas Faculty of Architecture, KULeuven in Ghent, Belgium. I shared my look on strategic design and sustainability through the lens of beef production and consumption worldwide and in Finnish context. The content of the talk included problem framing in design, soft paternalism and systems thinking.

세인트 루카스 건축학교(Sint-Lucas Faculty of Architecture, KULeuven) 측의 특강요청으로 벨기에 겐트에 다녀왔습니다. ‘고기와 지속가능성: 트로이목마와 마크매터’라는 제목으로 쇠고기 핀란드 2012 프로젝트를 소개하며 전략디자인과 시스템이론이 디자인과 지속가능성과 공공에 가지는 의의를 설명했습니다.

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Futures for Food conference in Turku, Finland, 6-7 June 2013

Photo courtesy: Anne Arvonen, Finland Futures Research Centre, futuresconference2013.wordpress.com I have been invited to the poster session of Futures for Food conference in Turku with Beef Finland 2012 project. One particularly interesting talk I had was with Birgit Busicchia whose research was a comparative analysis between Australia, the UK, and France of the dimensions of their respective food systems and policy environments.

Beef Finland 2012Futures for Food 학회 포스터 세션에 초대되어 뚜르꾸에 다녀왔습니다. 미래학의 관점에서 음식과 지속가능성을 바라보고 대안을 제시하려는 움직임은 높이살만 하지만 대상이 미래학자들이다보니 미래학을 제외한 분야 (음식/지속가능성/농업 리처치)의 전문 정보를 다루는 부분에서는 미흡한 모습을 보였습니다. 오히려 젊은 리서처들이 발제하는 워크숍 세션과 포스터 세션에서 재미있는 리서치를 더 많이 볼 수 있었습니다.

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Paris, 23-28 December 2012

Homage to Midnight in Paris (2011) by Woody Allen

All footage including sound filmed with Sony RX100. Sincere thanks to the street musician in front of RMN Grand Palais.

Epilogue: Pixelache micro-residency on Food-Info-Activism

Pixelache My contribution was quite an implicit one, suggesting ideas to Pixelache and Ruoan Tulevaisuus for a novel, down-to-earth, participatory food festival and its name – ‘Foodycle’ – presenting some ideas forward and making suggestion to put together a comprehensive plan for the event. All in all, I am relieved to see some concrete outcome I could contribute during my micro-residency, which I think was genius of Andrew, as he invited me as the micro-residency and arranged the meeting with Ruoan Tulevaisuus one day before my week ended.

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Pixelache micro-residency

Suvilahti, where Pixelache as well as the coal-power plant is located. I am invited to work with Andrew as a micro-resident of Pixelache |ˈpɪks(ə)leɪk| for the week as they are working on a series of event on Food-Info-Activism for September 2013. Pixelache is an organically developing, transdisciplinary platform for experimental art, design, research and activism in Helsinki, Finland. Organised by non-profit association Piknik Frequency Ry, it consists of an annual festival in Helsinki, as well as experimental art-science and technology productions, an educational programme called Pixelversity, residencies and other activities since 2002.

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My favourite This American Life episodes

logo-v5This American Life (TAL) is a podcast radio show I started listening to since 2010 when I got back from Cambodia. Bryan sent me a link as he thought the episode being on NGOs in Haiti have some good stuff relevant to my studio work.

So far, I think I have probably listened to close to 100 episodes from TAL, and it is a mixture of fun and deep thoughts. Though I do not agree with every detail of the show, for example, how they describe Germany in their episode on Eurozone crisis, the show is really fun and often make me learn. Here’s what I would recommend for TAL beginners, which is also for me to revisit later.

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이리 호 앞에서

이리호, 뉴욕 버팔로 시청 근처 해변에서

지금은 자주 연락하지 않지만 옛날에 자주 나를 한강에 데려다 주었던 고마운 친구가 있다. 내가 심란하다고 하면, 혹은 본인이 심란하면 아버님 차에 나를 태우고 한강변에 가곤 했다. 어쩌면 그렇게 자주 있었던 일이 아닌지도 모른다. 내 기억이, 고마움이 그 횟수를 부풀린지도. 우린 주로 늦은 시간에 봤고 한강변에 가서 캔 커피 따위나 마시며 이런 저런 이야기를 나누곤 했었다. 그 친구에게 미안해 말을 꺼낸 적은 없지만 사실 난 어두운 강변에 앉아있는 것으로 마음에 위안을 받은 적은 없었던 것 같다. 아니 한번쯤은 있었다고 해도 기억이 나지 않는다고 하는 것이 정확할까.

처형과 동서가 사는 뉴욕 버팔로에서 여름을 보내고 있는데, 시내를 둘러보다 시청 근처의 이리 호 가까이 가게 되었다. 마주하고 있는 태양이 아주 강했는데 마침 바람이 우리쪽으로 아주 강하게 불고 있었다. 분명 바람이 불지 않았다면 땀이 날 만큼 높은 온도였는데 강한 바람 덕에 덥지도 시원하지도 않았다. 그 묘한 미지근한 따뜻함에 왠지 위안 받는 느낌이었다.

옛날 태국 한 여행지에서 통통배 스노클링을 한 적이 있다. 얼마간의 돈을 주면 작은 통통배에 몸을 싣고 처음 만난 십수명의 사람들과 해변에서 좀 떨어진 곳에 가서 스노클링도 하고, 배 위에서 선장이 해주는 볶음밥도 먹고, 나중엔 상어 양식장도 가보는 일종의 패키지 상품이었던 것으로 기억하는데 나중에 해변으로 다시 돌아오는 시간이 얼마나 걸렸는지 기억나진 않지만 배에서 일하는 태국 선원 중 한명이 사다리를 타고 배의 지붕으로 올라가는 것을 보고 따라 올라갔던 기억이 있다. 느리게 양쪽으로 흔들리는 통통배의 지붕에 누워 낮잠을 자는 그 직원을 보고 나도 반대편에 웃통을 벗고 덜렁 누워 잠을 청했다. 서너시쯤 부드러워진 태양 아래 흔들 흔들 덥지도 시원하지도 않은 통통배 나무 지붕에서의 낮잠. 이리 호 앞에서 그때가 떠올랐다.

Food for birds

Winter is harsh in Finland, especially from January through March. It’s harsh not only for us but also for birds: where do they find food when it snows as high as our knees? One thing you can do is buy and hang those grain balls available from supermarket. We finally got to do it for the birds we love to watch around after few years of living in Finland.

Thoughts on Foxconn

Nike-sweatshops The blame on Foxconn and Apple has been a hot potato on social network after the suicides were reported. Many blame Apple for their loose auditing and some blame themselves for buying Apple products. Unfortunately it’s not that simple, and fortunately there is little something we can do.

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Beyond Criticism

criticism-reality

Why Critical Design and conventional design are not be not the two unconnected, but parts of a continuum

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Ignorance and complicity-lessons from Earthlings

Image courtesy: Earthlings.com

As I am doing my masters thesis work on beef in Finland, I have been turning my head to the issues around animal and food, and have come to watch a 2005 documentary film, Earthlings. By watching it, I have realized how ignorant and complicit I have been of animal rights. Unlike Food Inc and Fastfood Nation, Earthlings more focuses on how animals can feel as much pain as we mankind do, and how the way we treat animals draw parallels between racism, sexism, and speciesism.

As long as there are slaughterhouses … there will be battlefields. –Leo Tolstoy

With footage obtained through the use of hidden cameras to chronicle the day-to-day practices, the film urges the viewers to make connection and take actions. Covering various places where animals are undergoing agony, the film touches five most prevalent ways animals have come to serve mankind: Pet, Food, Leather and fur, Entertainment, Science, none of which, I must say, can be a good excuse to torture other earthlings after watching the film.

I did not know that milk cow dies in four years whereas normally they can live 20 years or so, nor did I know that my leather shoes probably have caused a cow in india a tremendous agony none of us mankind would take for himself/herself. A poet once said, “Pain is a sensation tricked by the distance. That’s why a thorn under one’s fingernail hurts more than the disaster in the other continent”. I can’t agree more.

The change should occur now, and it’s not only about animal right. We do not see, living in the city, what it takes to make our foodstuff and products and how they will effect us in the long term, but the consequences are obvious.

Ironically we only see mankind’s complete disrespect for these non-human providers. Without a doubt, this must be what it is to bite the hand that feeds us. In fact, we have actually stomped and spit on it. Now we are faced with the inevitable aftermath. This is evident in health reports due to our over-excessive consumption of animals. Cancer, heart disease, Osteoporosis, strokes, kidney stones, Anemia, diabetes and more. Even our food has now been effaced, and at its very source. With antibiotics used to promote weight gain in animals–who can’t gain under the stressful, overcrowded living conditions in factory farms–with the over-use of pesticides and insecticides, or artificial hormones, designed to increase milk production, litter size and frequency with artificial colors, herbicides, larvicides, synthetic fertilizer, tranquilizers, growth and appetite stimulants, it’s no wonder that Mad Cow Disease, Foot and Mouth disease, Pfiesteria, and a host of other animal related abnormalities have been unleashed on the human public. –from Earthlings

Nation Earth has agreed to stream Earthlings online for free as a part of their effort to spread awareness, and the YouTube embedment below is one of them with subtitles in many languages. I know many of you have watched this already, I know that this will make many of you uncomfortable, but if you haven’t and if you are brave enough to face the reality, you should give it a try.

I had had a few choices for my thesis topic: beef, waste management, energy saving et cetera. I chose beef cause I thought I would be learning the most, which I think I am. From the beginning, however, I have deliberately chosen to exclude animal right from the discourse as it can easily be not about the rationale but feelings. Now, I am confused, but more motivated than before.

What (the heck) is design?

Design is everywhere nowadays. Every nation–or even some cities–runs design organization of some sort, and there are ever-more design awards, festivals, and fairs around the world.

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What is allowed, and what is not?

2001113

I met Teemu Mäki at Design Factory in September 2009 while he was running a seminar on the topic “What are we allowed to do in the name of art and why?”. As also a part of his doctoral dissertation, the subject strives to discuss on the function of art, the reason being they need to be analyzed in societies where art and artists are supported by the tax payers one way or the other.

He categorized the function of art into some eight categories, one of those I now remember is escapism: such as block-buster movies that offer distraction and relief from unpleasant realities or engaging in fantasy. Art can also help us be more empathic to others by emotionally training us with stories of others or of fiction. The most interesting of the few he argued to me was to ask (good and/or right) questions.

‘Person in a ditch measuring 300 x 500 x 300 cm’, Image courtesy: www.santiago-sierra.com

Mäki presented us a piece of Santiago Sierra in which Sierra put a homeless person in a ditch between Kiasma contemporary art museum and the Finnish parliament. A homeless person was to stay for two weeks, for four hours a day, being paid 50 Finnish marks, some € 4 per hour. We were asked to discuss in groups and present what kind of questions the artist wanted ask.

While we were discussing in our group, I have learned from a teammate that he is the killing-cat-artist, who videotaped himself killing a cat and then masturbating on the dead animal, and he is not the only one who killed an animal in the name of art. There was even a Costa Rican artist who captured and then exhibited an underfed street dog for a gallery project, in which the dog was chained to the wall until its death of starvation in captivity. During the Q & A session, I asked Mäki about his project: how he felt killing the cat, and whether he had any legal issues. If I don’t remember wrong, he said ‘I did not like the feeling, but I thought it was right to do it.’, and that he was convicted of breaking the law and fined the Euro-equivalent of roughly few hundred for failing to kill the cat professionally meaning in certain seconds.

I thought both works certainly asked difficult questions: why Sierra chose to dig a ditch between the art museum and parliament not elsewhere, why he chose to put the homeless person in it not others; why would a homeless person volunteer to sit in the deep ditch being exposed to the visitors; why the homeless person has become homeless; why we were sitting there listening to Mäki about these stuff; why we are conducting further studies in masters level; why we are angry to Mäki for killing a cat; why it is okay to kill a cat or any animal if one does it professionally; why he chose to kill a ‘cat’, not a dog; why we are not angry to ourselves eating beef, and pork, which cause someone else kill millions of cows and pigs everyday; why we deliberately call beef beef not cow-meat, and named pork pork not pig-meat; why we are more angry to those artists than to people who abandon animals; whether cows and pigs are lesser animals than cats.

These questions are coming back to me every once in a while urging me to think what I am allowed to do and what is not as a person and a designer, which is all but painful, however obviously so worth thinking about. I am deeply grateful to Mäki, and the organizer of the seminar. If you’re too shocked or are not with me, here’s a well written post about Mäki, his work, and the likes, before you make comments on a poor post as mine.

Feels good (or bad).

Ready to go

I sold an iPod JBL speaker dock via Huuto.net to someone who lives in Naantali, yes, the Moomi‘s home town. The reason I feel good is hardly because I made little money, but it will be used by someone for a little longer. Technically this JBL iPod dock is not mine. My ex-flatmate left it behind at my old apartment on Fredrikinkatu (Fredrik’s Street) when she moved out abruptly. When I asked if she wants me to bring this over to her new apartment, she said no because she thought it was out of order. As it was bought in the US I had a hunch that it was only the adapter not working not the actual dock and I could revive it by replacing the power adapter.

One years and two movings later, I happened to find a universal adapter at an electronics store, and got it for € 39 with a promise that I could get it refunded within a month for any reason. Brought it home, hooked it with JBL, and it worked perfectly. Got it refunded, and went to Valtteri, one of the largest flee market in Helsinki. Three visits and 10 minutes of bargain later, I could get an old IBM power adapter for € 15. The seller did not want to sell it cheaper because he could easily sell it for more as laptop owners are ready to pay more. I couldn’t find anything from cheaper and lower voltage adapters commonly used for micro electronics.

Ready to go

Later I realized that the remote was missing. I visited my old apartment where no my ex-flatmates live any longer, and found the remote. It doesn’t work, which my ex-flatmate also thought out of order but I was sure that it was again just the battery. I bought a new one for € 3, then everything works perfect. I put it on Huuto with a great help of one of my best friends Masaich, because I do not speak as fluent Finnish as to handle it alone myself. After three trials on Huuto, I sold it for € 30 including the poatage which was €8.50 to Naantali. Taken all thing into consideration, I made € 3.50. Yeah, three and a half Euros.

In the end it ain’t that bad. I have found really lovely porcelain for daily fruits, a wind breaker and useful 2nd hand tools during my visits to Valtteri. What is more I have got to learn the problems of too many standards. Not only plugs and input voltages are different, but also are the plugs–input plugs vary from country to country, while output voltages and power consulption greatly vary and there are at least as many as 12 different DC plugs which you connect from the adapter to the electronics. Even worse, some of the manufacturers use two or three different types.

The dock and the remote.

Planned obsolescence. Is your charger broken, you won’t be able to use your product again unless you are ready to pay for an expensive universal power adapter, let alone the possibility that you won’t be able to use your charger for another electronics. It’s not that I am saying everything should use the same standard which is of course impossible will diminish evolution and efficiency of the individual products even if possible, but we can at least reduce the number of kinds, by which we can also reduce gigantic amount of e-waste in theory. Yeah, I know that the bigger problem is the globalization and too cheap products, but still.

Then what about Apple and its authorized accessory makers ? My iPhone 3Gs doesn’t get charged with most of docks that were released only three years ago. Newer iPhones in coming years will probably not be compatible with the docks you buy today. You’ll throw it away in a few years because it doesn’t play music from your new phone. What a scary idea–especially because most of these problems can be solved by simple firmware upgrade and a little more considerate attitude of hardware manufacturers to lengthen the obsolescence cycle of cables, which is why I am so happy that I could sell the old JBL dock to a guy in Moomi’s home town. Stay strong with legacy iPod. Please.

Huuto.net page

Huom! Jääkärinkatu

IMG_0458

I have found this flag poll this evening coming home from supermarket. As you can see the poll is coming off from the holder, and it looked dangerous to me as there are cars right below it, and more importantly there are people walking by. I called the maintenence company, Kotikadun Kiinteistöpalvelu Oy, and the guy doesn’t speak English, nor do I speak good Finnish, and therefore I ask an old lady to call them on my behalf and she does. She says the guys said that it’s not their fault, but the snow cleaning company did it two months ago, and although they have been getting claims from this building’s tenants–FYI, I do not live in this building–they have no intention to fix it.

The flag poll

Close-up, does this look dangerous only to me?

Sounds terrible, and I call the police, and I realize that I have the old number–10022, and the machine do not redirect me automatically to 112, but inform that the number has changed to 112 and hang up on me. I become more frustrated, call 112 and tell the police that the poll looks dangerous, the police tells me that I have to call the maintenance company, I tell her that the company doesn’t give a shXX and ask her to force the company to do it or do something about this poll, then she redirect me to the Central Police which I do not know what it is, and they don’t answer the phone for five minutes. I think they will realize that this is their responsibility when somebody will actually be hit by the poll.

The phone number of the maintenance company.

Update: I went down to the fitness club on the same street, the clerk agreed with me and took out a ladder, and we went to fix the problem. The ladder is not nearly tall enough, and the poll is really really heavy so no ordinary people with ordinary ladder can do this. The clerk says she will call the firestation. No change yet, as of 23:46 April 20, 2011. It’s quite windy nowadays, and I am worried.

Update II: Now, after few weeks, the poll is back to where it is supposed to be. I guess nobody got hurted as I have not seen any of that on newspaper. Thank god.

Brand Gap

Image courtesy: Peachpit Press–peachpit.com

Image courtesy: Peachpit Press - peachpit.com

In the world of so much information and so little time, branding is not a mere marketing tool but probably the only and the most efficient way of communication: to tell what and why an organization does for whom and which is relevant not only to corporates but also to government, and even NGOs. Brand Gap is a small book with few pages and large font that gives the secret recipe to succeed in branding bridging between logic and magic a.k.a. strategy and design. Marty Neumeier, the author with several decades of experience in branding, very quickly and briefly touches every aspects of branding to help the reader understand what branding is all about–what brand is and is not, why branding is so important, and how to be good at it.

Neumeier offers a framework for better-branding: Differenciation – Collaboration – Innovation – Validation – Cultivation. By Differentiation he means focus, focus, and even more focus. he claims a brand should redefine its category if it is not the market leader or the 2nd player. Collaboration is about getting the best team. The author takes Hollywood as the best example of the collaboration–a village of different talents who work together for the best and disperse right after the show-best for each other. The model shall vary, however, for each brand as all brands have different genes and environment. Innovation means the gut to be different giving clear benefit to the customers from strategy through execution because execution is where the rubber meets the road. In other words, creativity is what gives brands their traction in the marketplace. Validation is about test, test, and more test as we do in design field (or at least we should). Good idea doesn’t always validate, so tests in the real context in the only-and the most efficient way. Finally, cultivation is about cloning the gene of brand to all the personnels of the brand as brand is like person-I eat noodle today and rice tomorrow, but I am me, aren’t I? Since keeping the track of all the people in an organization is simply not possible, the book suggests to get all the staff identical compasses.

Last, but not the least, Neumeier emphasize throughout the book that branding is about bridging left and right–strategy and creative, logic and magic, marketers and designers. For this, he claims each organization should have a CBO-Cheif Branding Officer who forms a human bridge between aforementioned elements. I find this book rather handy as it walks the reader through the essence of branding while touching many details of actual work. I believe, however, innovation should take place in every step of the framework he offered because methods of differentiation, validation and cultivation are to be innovative at the end of the day-I know he probably meant it as well.

Dicover more slideson SlideShare

Nudge

Image courtesy: Yale Press - yalepress.yale.edu

The book, Nudge, talks about why people often make wrong choices, and how we can help make better choice by understanding ‘human’ and creating carefully planned ‘choice architecture’. The fundamental idea of welfare in capitalism has been to create as many options for choices as possible so that homo economicus(econs)1 can choose what best-fits their interest. The book claims, however, we humans unlike econs make wrong choices very often for many different reasons: delay of consequences, complexity of choices, social aspect and so on. For example one picks up another muffin not seeing the consequences today as well as being social with his corpulent family members and therefore the chance to become obese is higher when one’s family members are of obesity. Shockingly the chance of teenager pregnancy appeared higher when she has pregnant friends around in a research for the U.K.

Therefore the author advices us work on ‘choice architecture’ keeping ‘humans’ in mind. According to the given example in Nudge the nutritionist could increase or decrease up to 50 per cent of consumption of certain item in the school cafeteria by simply changing the order and the placement of food products.

I am now half way through the book and looking forward to more examples of application because ‘choice architecture’ is what we designers are doing pretty much every single day in our studios when creating posters, mobile phones, TV sets, software, furniture, whatsoever. We design products to make it more desirable, more useful based in human heuristics. We try to create things that are simpler and better for ‘human’ though many of our works are more commercial. At least many of us designers know that humans are not econs, or I think we should know.

In my opinion, Nudge gives us designers a hope that we can also make people better off by working in public and governmental sectors rather than helping only corporates excavate more, produce more, sell more, and dump more as we have been doing in the last century.

1. Homo economicus or Economic human is the concept in some economic theories of humans as rational and narrowly self-interested actors who have the ability to make judgments towards their subjectively defined ends.

A City in Crisis: Part II

Things taken for granted at home were not easily achievable here: clean water, sanitation, sewage management, waste management and education, just to name a few

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A City in Crisis: Part I

Floating village, a vernacular principle in Cambodia where the rainy season continues for six months.

My studies in Aalto University have taken me to Cambodia, where Aalto University’s City in Crisis course is expanding the design discourse to

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